The progress made between 2011 and now is staggering.
President Biden wants electric cars to make up more than half of new vehicles sold in the US by 2030. These include battery electrics, plug-in hybrids, and fuel cell vehicles. Major model launches like the Ford Mustang Mach-E, Volkswagen ID.4, and the upcoming Ford F-150 Lightning will help Biden achieve this goal, but a lot of work still needs to be done to improve charging infrastructures. Biden's $7.5 billion EV charging infrastructure plan will hopefully persuade more people to switch to EVs and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
To put things into perspective, a report by Environment America Research & Policy Center and Frontier Group shows how electrified vehicle sales have dramatically increased in the US over the last ten years, helping Biden achieve these lofty EV sales targets.
Looking at the bigger picture, President Biden is aiming to have the US power grid run on 100 percent clean energy by 2035. The report titled "Renewables on the Rise 2021: The rapid growth of renewables, electric vehicles and other building blocks of a clean energy future," outlines six key areas that will enable this to happen: solar, wind, energy efficiency, battery storage, electric heat pumps, and, of course, electric cars.
According to the report, over 16,000 battery and plug-in hybrid electric cars were sold in the US by 2011. This increased a hundred-fold to nearly 1.7 million vehicles as of December 2020. By mid-2021, plug-in hybrid and electric vehicle sales exceeded two million in the US. California, New York, and Florida had the largest cumulative electric vehicle sales in 2020 as well as the most public EV charging ports.
As for solar power, the US produces over 23 times as much solar power than in 2011 - enough to power more than 12 million homes in America. The amount of wind power produced in the US has also nearly tripled since 2011, with enough power for over 31 million homes. Over 17 percent more energy was also saved in 2019 than in 2011; the savings in 2018 could power more than 2.5 million homes. In 2020, the US had over 1.7 gigawatts of battery energy storage, an 18-fold increase from 2011, while electric heat pump sales almost doubled between 2011 and 2020.
To put all this into perspective, the US went from producing 125,820 gigawatt-hours of wind and solar electricity in 2011 to 470,141 gigawatt-hours in 2020. If wind, solar, and geothermal power continue to grow in the US at the same 15 percent annual rate, renewables have the potential to meet the existing energy demands in the US by 2035. In short, we've come a long way in the last decade