It's all down to the headlights.
The problem with the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety's (IIHS) ratings is that it can be applied to specific trim levels of cars. That's the case here with the Ford Edge, which has been awarded the IIHS's second-highest award of Top Safety Pick. The highest being the Top Safety Pick Plus award.
If you want the safest Ford Edge models, you're going to have to step up to the ST or Titanium trim and make sure it was built after March. Unfortunately for Ford, it was the headlights on lower-trim level models of the 2019 Edge that keeps them out of the Top Safety Pick slot.
All trim levels that aren't the ST and Titanium received a "Poor" rating from the IIHS for their headlights. Ford really needs to step up its game there, as the Edge, overall, did well in crash testing. The IIHS points out that the available curve-adaptive LED projector headlights earned an acceptable rating for models built after March. However, the Edge's base level static LED projectors rate as poor, regardless of the build date.
In all six crash tests, including the driver-side and passenger-side small overlap tests that held it back before the 2019 model year, the Edge received a "good" rating.
Another plus for the Edge here is that the IIHS gave it's standard active safety technology with frontal-crash prevention a "Superior" ranking, which is the highest possible.
However, if that Top Safety Pick is essential to you, a Ford Edge in Titanium trim will cost you at least $38,100. The more potent 330-horsepower Ford Edge ST starts at $43,265. Despite the persuasive power, standard all-wheel drive, and chassis improvements, we're not convinced it feels like it's worthy of the ST badge, though. We would go with the Titanium for a refined ride, or just buy something with decent headlights as standard.